Broccoli is a fertility superfood with an extensive suite of nutrients such as folate, selenium, choline, vitamin C, and calcium. Experts say regular intake can increase the chance of getting pregnant.
According to research, consuming cruciferous vegetables like kale, broccoli, spinach, and cabbage including fruits like kiwi, and peaches can lower the risk of pregnancy complications and also support healthy pregnancy outcomes.
Beneficial Bioactive compounds in broccoli
According to a review , broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable rich in bioactive compounds essential for bodily functions, here are some of them:
Polyphenols, glucosinolates, and their breakdown products like sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol, and isothiocyanates which a found in broccoli have shown potential to improve fertility by reducing oxidative stress, balancing hormones, reducing inflammation, and protecting sperm and egg cells. They have also been linked to several benefits for overall well-being [1, 2, 3, 4].
Fertility nutrients in broccoli
According to USDA, 100g of raw broccoli contains the following major nutrients that contribute greatly to improving fertility and entire reproductive function.
- Carb 6.64 g
- Fiber 2.6 g
- Calcium 47 mg
- Iron 0.73 mg
- Magnesium 21 mg
- Phosphorus 66 mg
- Potassium 316 mg
- Zinc 0.41 mg
- Selenium 2.5 µg
- Vitamin C 89.2 mg
- Niacin 0.639 mg
- Pantothenic acid 0.573 mg
- Vitamin B-6 0.175 mg
- Folate 63 µg
- Choline 18.7 mg
- Vitamin K 102 µg
- Vitamin A 623 IU
Benefits of Broccoli for fertility
Delving deeper into broccoli’s reproductive advantages, here are some impressive benefits of broccoli for fertility.
1. Promotes hormonal balance
Studies have shown that indole-3-carbinol found in broccoli can lower high estrogen levels, reducing the risk of estrogen-sensitive conditions that may impede fertility.
One of the main contributors to broccoli’s fertility-boosting potential is indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a compound naturally present in cruciferous vegetables. I3C plays a fundamental role in hormone detoxification processes , working particularly on estrogen, which is crucial for reproductive health.
2. Improves sperm health
Not only broccoli can mitigate oxidative damage, but it can also improve sperm quality as well as promote healthy sperm production .
Broccoli contains a good amount of folate, magnesium, zinc, and selenium which are vital nutrients that support healthy sperm production .
It also contains choline which is found to increase sperm motility, and calcium which improves the ability to penetrate and fertilize the egg .
Broccoli is an abundant source of a group of antioxidants known as flavonoids. Reputable studies have demonstrated that these compounds’ distinctive capabilities thwart the damaging effects of oxidative stress on sperm and egg cells. They can essentially our body keep diseases away [9, 10].
This oxidative stress, if left unmitigated, can lead to reduced fertility through mechanisms such as DNA damage and reduced mitochondrial function in gametes.
The benefits of broccoli for male fertility are specifically linked d its high folate content, and research affirms that adequate folate intake can contribute to better sperm quantity and quality, underlining the importance of this nutrient in male reproductive health.
Moreover, broccoli’s rich supply of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant that assists in energy production at the cellular level, can also bolster both male and female fertility. Studies suggest that CoQ10 supplementation may improve sperm parameters in men, while also enhancing egg quality and quantity in women, likely owing to its vital role in mitochondrial function .
3. May help prevent obesity
Obesity an unhealthy accumulation of body fat has been linked to infertility. Studies say it can:
- Increased risk of anovulation in women
- Reduce ovulation rate and oocyte quality
- Cause menstrual irregularities
- Lower successful pregnancy rate
- Increase the of miscarriages [12, 13, 14]
However, more research is needed as some claim that excessive intake of chloroform supplements may damage the kidneys .
Never forget that broccoli also contains fiber which scientific studies affirm its role in healthy weight management 
Glucoraphanin is found in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli. Study says this compound have anti-obesity potential and can help maintain a healthy weight 
4. Improve our body’s antioxidant activities
Antioxidants found in broccoli also promote the health of sperm and eggs by their free radicals scavenging properties .
Broccoli is a rich source of vitamin C, crucial for immune function and overall health. It also contributes to healthy hormone production and supports the absorption of other nutrients essential for reproductive health .
Broccoli is rich in vitamin A an essential vitamin that plays a role in various reproductive processes, including sperm production and egg development. It also contributes to healthy vision and skin, both essential for sexual well-being .
With broccoli combined with food like caraway seed, a study affirms their compound can help improve testicular structure and functions .
5. Fights infectious diseases
According to a study bacterial infections of the reproductive system can bring about several reproductive diseases that can reduce fertility . However, the essence of broccoli in a balanced diet is unmatched due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and antibacterial effects .
According to another related study, the extract of broccoli not only can inhibit the activities of pathogenic bacteria but also phytopathogenic fungi  which could be detrimental to fertility.
Benefits of broccoli sexually
Broccoli a superfood for better sexual performance. The benefits of broccoli sexually are linked to its hormone-regulating properties. It has a compound that promotes estrogen balance and prevents abnormal fluctuation in s£x hormones. This makes it a good choice for those trying to increase their s£x drive
Moreover, broccoli’s rich supply of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) , an antioxidant that assists in energy production at the cellular level, can also bolster both male and female fertility.
Benefits of broccoli for Pregnancy
- Adequate folate intake during pregnancy is vital for preventing neural tube defects in the developing baby. Broccoli is a natural and readily available source of this essential nutrient.
- Broccoli is a good source of fiber, which can help prevent constipation, a common pregnancy symptom.
- Broccoli provides essential nutrients like calcium and vitamin K, crucial for fetal bone development and healthy blood clotting.
- This vitamin strengthens the immune system and supports the absorption of iron, essential for a healthy pregnancy.
- Broccoli’s antioxidants protect both the mother and the developing baby from oxidative stress, which can harm maternal and fetal health.
Overall, including broccoli in a balanced diet can significantly benefit sexual health and pregnancy. Its rich nutrient profile supports optimal reproductive function, promotes healthy cell development, and protects against free radical damage.
JC is passionate about finding the impact of foods (feeding habits) on human fertility and reproductive health and a way to improve fertility.